Born in 1949, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum is the United Arab Emirates' Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, the second-largest of the seven states which make up the UAE.
Sheikh Mohammed studied in Cambridge as a young man and it was during that time he attended his first horse race with his older brother Sheikh Hamdan. They saw Royal Palace win the 2,000 Guineas at Newmarket.
Ten years later, Hatta became the first winning racehorse owned by Sheikh Mohammed. Since then, Sheikh Mohammed's horses have won almost every major race in the world, running in both his maroon and white colours and the famous blue silks of Godolphin, the globetrotting racing stable he set up in 1992.
In 1996 he founded the Dubai World Cup — the world's richest horse race — designed to encourage other owners to take their horses to Dubai to compete for millions of dollars in prize money.
The Dubai World Cup was also created to attract visitors to Dubai and millions of people now travel there every year for a holiday or to use one of the many business centres built there during the past few years.
As well as being a racehorse owner, Sheikh Mohammed is himself an expert horseman and has won many endurance races.